Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal, Vol. 67, No. 2, pp. 427-437, 2017

A new characterization of symmetric group by NSE

Azam Babai, Zeinab Akhlaghi

Received December 26, 2015.  First published March 20, 2017.

Abstract:  Let $G$ be a group and $\omega(G)$ be the set of element orders of $G$. Let $k\in\omega(G)$ and $m_k(G)$ be the number of elements of order $k$ in $G$. Let nse$(G) = \{m_k(G) k \in\omega(G)\}$. Assume $r$ is a prime number and let $G$ be a group such that nse$(G)=$ nse$(S_r)$, where $S_r$ is the symmetric group of degree $r$. In this paper we prove that $G\cong S_r$, if $r$ divides the order of $G$ and $r^2$ does not divide it. To get the conclusion we make use of some well-known results on the prime graphs of finite simple groups and their components.
Keywords:  set of the numbers of elements of the same order; prime graph
Classification MSC:  20D06, 20D15
DOI:  10.21136/CMJ.2017.0700-15

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Affiliations:   Azam Babai, Department of Mathematics, University of Qom, Alghadir Blvd., Qom, P.O. Box 37185-3766, Iran, e-mail:; Zeinab Akhlaghi, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Amirkabir University of Technology, District 6, Hafez Avenue No. 424, 15914 Tehran, Iran, e-mail:

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