Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal, first online, pp. 1-14
Strongly 2-nil-clean rings with involutions
Huanyin Chen, Marjan Sheibani Abdolyousefi
Received June 15, 2017. Published online August 6, 2018.
Abstract: A $*$-ring $R$ is strongly 2-nil-$*$-clean if every element in $R$ is the sum of two projections and a nilpotent that commute. Fundamental properties of such $*$-rings are obtained. We prove that a $*$-ring $R$ is strongly 2-nil-$*$-clean if and only if for all $a\in R$, $a^2\in R$ is strongly nil-$*$-clean, if and only if for any $a\in R$ there exists a $*$-tripotent $e\in R$ such that $a-e\in R$ is nilpotent and $ea=ae$, if and only if $R$ is a strongly $*$-clean SN ring, if and only if $R$ is abelian, $J(R)$ is nil and $R/J(R)$ is $*$-tripotent. Furthermore, we explore the structure of such rings and prove that a $*$-ring $R$ is strongly 2-nil-$*$-clean if and only if $R$ is abelian and $R\cong R_1, R_2$ or $R_1\times R_2$, where $R_1/J(R_1)$ is a $*$-Boolean ring and $J(R_1)$ is nil, $R_2/J(R_2)$ is a $*$-Yaqub ring and $J(R_2)$ is nil. The uniqueness of projections of such rings are thereby investigated.
Keywords: nilpotent; projection; $*$-tripotent ring; symmetry; strongly $*$-clean ring
Affiliations: Huanyin Chen, Department of Mathematics, Hangzhou Normal University, No.2318,Yuhangtang Rd, Cangqian, Yuhang District, 311121, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P. R. China, e-mail: email@example.com; Marjan Sheibani Abdolyousefi, (corresponding author), Women's University of Semnan (Farzanegan), Semnan, Iran, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org