Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal, first online, pp. 1-10
A universal bound for lower Neumann eigenvalues of the Laplacian
Wei Lu, Jing Mao, Chuanxi Wu
Received August 7, 2018. Published online December 13, 2019.
Abstract: Let $M$ be an $n$-dimensional ($n\ge2$) simply connected Hadamard manifold. If the radial Ricci curvature of $M$ is bounded from below by $(n-1)k(t)$ with respect to some point $p\in M$, where $t=d(\cdot,p)$ is the Riemannian distance on $M$ to $p$, $k(t)$ is a nonpositive continuous function on $(0,\infty)$, then the first $n$ nonzero Neumann eigenvalues of the Laplacian on the geodesic ball $B(p,l)$, with center $p$ and radius $0<l<\infty$, satisfy
where $f(t)$ is the solution to
$f (t)+k(t)f(t)=0$ on $(0,\infty)$, $f(0)=0, f'(0)=1.$
Affiliations: Wei Lu, Jing Mao (corresponding author), Chuanxi Wu, Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics, Key Laboratory of Applied Mathematics of Hubei Province, Hubei University, 368#, You Yi Road, Wuchang District, Wuhan 430062, Hubei Province, P. R.China, e-mail: email@example.com